Foreign Cults in Rome: Creating a Roman Empire (Hardback)
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Short Description for Foreign Cults in Rome This study of the Roman reaction to foreign cults offers an exploration of how religion contributed to the reshaping of the Roman community and its sense of identity during the transition from a single city to the dominant power in the Mediterranean basin.
- Published: 30 September 2010
- Format: Hardback 240 pages
- ISBN 13: 9780199731558 ISBN 10: 0199731551
- Sales rank: 1,366,103
Full description for Foreign Cults in Rome
Religion is a particularly useful field within which to study Roman self-definition, for the Romans considered themselves to be the most religious of all peoples and ascribed their imperial success to their religiosity. This study builds on the observation that the Romans were remarkably open to outside influences to explore how installing foreign religious elements as part of their own religious system affected their notions of what it meant to be Roman. The inclusion of so many foreign elements posed difficulties for defining a sense of Romanness at the very moment when a territorial definition was becoming obsolete. Using models drawn from anthropology, this book demonstrates that Roman religious activity beginning in the middle Republic (early third century B.C.E.) contributed to redrawing the boundaries of Romanness. The methods by which the Romans absorbed cults and priests and their development of practices in regard to expiations and the celebration of ludi allowed them to recreate a clear sense of identity, one that could include the peoples they had conquered. While this identity faced further challenges during the civil wars of the Late Republic, the book suggests that Roman openness remained a vital part of their religious behavior during this time. Foreign Cults in Rome concludes with a brief look at the reforms of the first emperor Augustus, whose activity can be understood in light of Republican activity, and whose actions laid the foundation for further adaptation under the Empire.