Agricola: A Study of Agriculture and Rustic Life in the Greco-Roman World from the Point of View of Labour (Paperback)
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Short Description for Agricola A wide-ranging and detailed study of agriculture in the classical world, derived from a wide variety of sources.
- Published: 30 June 2011
- Format: Paperback 508 pages
- ISBN 13: 9781108028950 ISBN 10: 1108028950
Full description for Agricola
William Emerton Heitland (1847-1935) was a Cambridge classicist, who was described as having 'a passionate desire to attain the truth'. His most distinguished work, Agricola, published in 1921, is a detailed study of agricultural labour in classical times. He makes use of a wide range of sources, from Homer in the eighth century BCE to Apollinaris Sidonius in the fifth century CE. In asking the question, by whom and under what conditions was the work done, he deals with land tenure, taxation, military service and political theory. He argues that changes in agricultural production were necessarily connected to changes in other areas of society. To a large extent, classical agriculture was based on slavery, and even those who were free tenants had limited legal rights. Roman poets such as Virgil idealised the pastoral life, but may not reflect reality. It is an important sourcebook for social and economic history.